Ovulation pain is a term that describes the discomfort some people feel when they ovulate. Ovulation is where an egg is released from one of the ovaries around half way through your menstrual cycle, although the exact time of ovulation varies from person to person and from month to month.
When you ovulate, the egg is released into the fallopian tubes where it moves towards the uterus. If the egg comes into contact with sperm during its journey through the fallopian tubes, the egg and sperm may fuse. The egg lives for around 12-24 hours after it is released, after which it is either fertilised by a sperm or dissolves back into the body.
“Ovulation pain, often referred to as ‘mittelschmerz in German,’ is a sensation or discomfort that some people with female reproductive anatomy of reproductive age may encounter during their menstrual cycle,” says Rhiannon John, Sexologist at Bedbible. “It occurs around the time of ovulation, which is when an ovary releases an egg in the middle of the menstrual cycle.”
Ovulation pain is often mild and nothing to be concerned about, but you should see a doctor it becomes very painful and/or if it is accompanied by other symptoms .